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Catholic Church

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Catholic Church – The Catholic Church or the Roman Catholic Church (Latin Catholic Church) is the most congregational Christian denomination, whose spiritual head is the Archbishop of Rome (Pope). There are approximately 1.2 billion members in the world. Catholics are predominantly found in South America and southern Europe.

 

Catholicism differs from other Christian denominations with the source of the Holy Spirit, the divine aspect of Jesus, the importance it gives to traditions, religious ceremonies and the privileges it gives to the Archbishop of Rome (Pope), whom the Apostle Peter accepts as his successor. It was formalized by a decision taken in 1870 that the Pope could not be mistaken.

Catholic Church

Catholic Church

The Catholic Church gives more sanctity to saints and Mary than any other church.
Only men can become priests. They cannot marry, they cannot have sexual intercourse.
The Catholic Church is against divorce, abortion and artificial insemination.
Confession occupies a very important place.

Since the first founder of the sect is Peter, one of the apostles, the popes are considered Peter’s representatives.

Catholics broke away from Orthodoxy as a result of a debate about the source of the Holy Spirit. According to Orthodoxy, the Holy Spirit came out of the Father, while according to Catholics, he came out of the Father and the Son.

As a result of this separation, the Roman Church completely separated from Orthodoxy with a document sent to Hagia Sophia in 1054, and the two churches mutually excommunicated each other.

During the Fourth Crusade in 1204, the Crusader army looted Istanbul, raided the Orthodox churches and killed the Orthodox priests, resulting in even greater hatred.

The Vatican Spiritual Assembly accepted the principle of infallibility of the pope with a law enacted in 1870. Accordingly, since the Pope is under the control of the Holy Spirit, he is not mistaken as the head of the church in church synods. As a Catholic, it is obligatory for him to be a sinner, as it is for every Catholic.

Pope VI in 1964. Paulus and Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras I mutually canceled the excommunications. Pope XVI. Benedict’s visit to the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate in Turkey and the Anglican Church in England brought these churches closer together and laid the groundwork for a future union.

The Pope is the apostle of Jesus and the vicar of Peter. In religious matters, he is never mistaken as the head of the Roman Church, and the Roman Church is the head church.
The Roman Church is governed by the Holy Spirit and is universal.
The Holy Spirit emanated from the Father and the Son (Orthodox believe that he emanated only from the Father).
Jesus has both human and divine nature.
Mary is sinless and a virgin. He has the authority to intercede.
Saints can intercede.
In the Eucharist ritual, the bread must be unleavened.
Confession and confession to the priest are required.
There are seven sacraments (Eucharista, Baptism, Empowerment, Marriage, Priesthood, Repentance=Confession, Adoration)
Clergy cannot marry. Only deacons (deacons) from the clergy can marry.
The decisions of the 20 councils convened to date should also be adopted.
Meat and fatty foods are not eaten on Fridays.

 

Pope VI in 1964. Paulus and Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras I mutually canceled the excommunications. Pope XVI. Benedict’s visit to the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate in Turkey and the Anglican Church in England brought these churches closer together and laid the groundwork for a future union.

Catholics broke away from Orthodoxy as a result of a debate about the source of the Holy Spirit. According to Orthodoxy, the Holy Spirit came out of the Father, while according to Catholics, he came out of the Father and the Son.

As a result of this separation, the Roman Church completely separated from Orthodoxy with a document sent to Hagia Sophia in 1054, and the two churches mutually excommunicated each other.

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